Evaluation of Deep Learning Techniques for Plant Disease Detection

C. Marco-Detchart1, J. A. Rincon2, C. Carrascosa1 and V. Julian1, 3

  1. Valencian Research Institute for Artificial Intelligence (VRAIN), Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV)
    Camino de Vera s/n, 46022, Valencia, Spain
    cedmarde@upv.es, jarincon@ubu.es, carrasco@dsic.upv.es, vjulian@upv.es
  2. Departamento de Digitalización, Escuela Politécnica Superior
    Universidad de Burgos, 09006, Burgos, Spain
  3. Valencian Graduate School and Research Network of Artificial Intelligence (VALGRAI), Universitat Politècnica de València (UPV)
    Camı́ de Vera s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain


In recent years, several proposals have been based on Artificial Intelligence techniques for automatically detecting the presence of pests and diseases in crops from images usually taken with a camera. By training with pictures of affected crops and healthy crops, artificial intelligence techniques learn to distinguish one from the other. Furthermore, in the long term, it is intended that the tools developed from such approaches will allow the automation and increased frequency of plant analysis, thus increasing the possibility of determining and predicting crop health and potential biotic risks. However, the great diversity of proposed solutions leads us to the need to study them, present possible situations for their improvement, such as image preprocessing, and analyse the robustness of the proposals examined against more realistic pictures than those existing in the datasets typically used. Taking all this into account, this paper embarks on a comprehensive exploration of various AI techniques leveraging leaf images for the autonomous detection of plant diseases. By fostering a deeper understanding of the strengths and limitations of these methodologies, this research contributes to the vanguard of agricultural disease detection, propelling innovation, and fostering the maturation of AI-driven solutions in this critical domain.

Key words

Plant Disease Detection, Classification, Image Preprocessing, Deep Learning

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)


Publication information

Volume 21, Issue 1 (January 2024)
Year of Publication: 2024
ISSN: 2406-1018 (Online)
Publisher: ComSIS Consortium

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How to cite

Marco-Detchart, C., Rincon, J. A., Carrascosa, C., Julian, V.: Evaluation of Deep Learning Techniques for Plant Disease Detection. Computer Science and Information Systems, Vol. 21, No. 1, 223–243. (2024), https://doi.org/10.2298/CSIS221222073M