ProRes: Proactive Re-Selection of Materialized Views

Mustapha Chaba Mouna1, Ladjel Bellatreche2 and Narhimene Boustia1

  1. LRDSI Laboratory, Faculty of Science, University Blida 1
    Blida, Algeria
    {mustapha.medea, nboustia}
  2. LIAS/ISAE-ENSMA, Poitiers


Materialized View Selection is one of the most studied problems in the database field, covering SQL and NoSQL technologies as well as different deployment infrastructures (centralized, parallel, cloud). This problem has become more complex with the arrival of data warehouses, being coupled with the physical design phase that aims at optimizing query performance. Selecting the best set of materialized views to optimize query performance is a challenging task. Given their importance and the complexity of their selection, several research efforts both from academia and industry have been conducted. Results are promising – some solutions are being implemented by commercial and open-source DBMSs –, but they do not factor in the following properties of nowadays analytical queries: (i) largescale queries, (ii) their dynamicity, and (iii) their high interaction. Studies to date fail to consider that complete set of properties. Considering the three properties simultaneously is crucial regarding today’s analytical requirements, which involve dynamic and interactive queries. In this paper, we first present a concise state of the art of the materialized view selection problem (VSP) by analyzing its ecosystem. Secondly, we propose a proactive re-selection approach that considers the three properties concurrently. It features two main phases: offline and online. In the offline phase, we manage a set of the first queries based on a given threshold δ by selecting materialized views through a hypergraph structure. The second phase manages the addition of new queries by scheduling them, updates the structure of the hypergraph, and selects new views by eliminating the least beneficial ones. Finally, extensive experiments are conducted using the Star Schema Benchmark data set to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of our approach.

Key words

Materialized Views, Hypergraphs, Query Sharing, large-scale of queries

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

Publication information

Volume 19, Issue 2 (June 2022)
Year of Publication: 2022
ISSN: 2406-1018 (Online)
Publisher: ComSIS Consortium

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How to cite

Mouna, M. C., Bellatreche, L., Boustia, N.: ProRes: Proactive Re-Selection of Materialized Views. Computer Science and Information Systems, Vol. 19, No. 2, 735–762. (2022),